Second Order Cybernetics of Heinz Von Foerster

Second Order Cybernetics of Heinz Von Foerster

 

Key Terms and People

  • Cybernetics
  • Second Order Cybernetics
  • Heinz Von Foerster
  • Reflexivity
  • Circular, Causal, Feedback mechanisms
  • Recursive processes
  • Purpose
  • Control
  • Communication
  • Stuart Umpleby
  • Bernard Scott
  • Klaus Krippendorff
  • Ranulph Glanville
  • Anthony Hodgson
  • Albert Müller
  • Francis Heylighen

 

Second‐order Cybernetics: An Historical Introduction

In 1974, Heinz von Foerster articulated the distinction between a first- and second-order cybernetics, as, respectively, the cybernetics of observed systems and the cybernetics of observing systems. Von Foerster’s distinction, together with his own work on the epistemology of the observer, has been enormously influential on the work of a later generation of cyberneticians. It has provided an architecture for the discipline of cybernetics, one that, in true cybernetic spirit, provides order where previously there was variety and disorder. It has provided a foundation for the research programme that is second-order cybernetics. However, as von Foerster himself makes clear, the distinction he articulated was imminent right from the outset in the thinking of the early cyberneticians, before, even, the name of their discipline had been coined. In this paper, the author gives a brief account of the developments in cybernetics that lead to von Foerster’s making his distinction. As is the way of such narratives, it is but one perspective on a complex series of events. Not only is this account a personal perspective, it also includes some recollections of events that were observed and participated in at first hand.

 

 

 

Key Sources of Research

 

Understanding Understanding

Heinz Von Foerster

Click to access Heinz_Von_Foerster-Understanding_Understanding.pdf

 

 

 

The Paradoxy of Observing Systems

Niklas Luhmann

Click to access 3.10%20the-paradox-of-observing-systems_luhmann.pdf

 

 

 

Observing Systems: a Cybernetic Perspective on System/Environment Relations

RAF VANDERSTRAETEN

Click to access 1133.pdf

 

 

 

Second‐order Cybernetics: An Historical Introduction

Bernard Scott

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235251005_Second-order_Cybernetics_An_Historical_Introduction

 

Cybernetics’s Reflexive Turns

Klaus Krippendorff

 

https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1135&context=asc_papers

 

 

SECOND ORDER CYBERNETICS

Ranulph Glanville

 

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.645.9031&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Inventing Systems

Spring Quarter 2006

Jeff Glassman/Arun Chandra

 

Click to access readings.pdf

 

 

 

The New Science of Cybernetics: A Primer

Click to access iSA027MG.pdf

 

 

 

Boundary Disputes: Homeostasis, Reflexivity, and the Foundations of Cybernetics

N. Katherine Hayles

Click to access Hayles_Boundary_Disputes.pdf

Second-Order Science and New Cybernetics

https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-319-06091-0_15-1

 

 

 

Fundamentals and History of Cybernetics 1

Stuart A. Umpleby

The George Washington University Washington, DC http://www.gwu.edu/~umpleby

 

A tutorial presented at the

World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics

Orlando, Florida July 16, 2006

 

Click to access videosufh-slides.pdf

 

 

 

􏰷􏰾􏱁 The Evolution of Organizational Cybernetics􏱁􏱂􏰍􏱃􏰽􏰷􏰭􏰍􏱀 􏰍􏰸 􏰍􏰼􏰯􏰦􏱀􏰭􏱄􏰦􏰷􏰭􏰍􏱀􏰦􏱃 􏰔􏱅􏰹􏱁􏰼􏱀􏱁􏰷􏰭􏰔􏰀

􏰇􏰆􏰚􏰜􏰑􏰐 􏰀􏰁􏰈􏰙􏰆􏰄􏰂􏰄􏰪􏰃􏰚 􏰼􏰃􏰁􏰃􏰂􏰬􏰃􏰛 􏰦􏰋􏰚􏰂􏰎 􏰟􏰵􏰏 􏰟􏰠􏰠􏰡

Click to access 2006-78.pdf

 

 

 

DECISION INTEGRITY AND SECOND ORDER CYBERNETICS

 

Anthony Hodgson

Decision Integrity Limited International Futures Forum United Kingdom

 

http://www.decisionintegrity.co.uk/DIL%20Decision%20&%202nd%20Order%20Cybernetics%20-%20Hodgson.pdf 

Heinz Forester and the Second Order Cybernetics

Jeffrey Goldstein

 https://journal.emergentpublications.com/article/heinz-von-foerster-and-the-second-order-cybernetics/pdf/

Cybernetics and the Theory of Knowledge

 

http://www.vonglasersfeld.com/255

 

 

The Cybernetics of Design and the Design of Cybernetics

Klaus Krippendorff

Gregory Bateson Term Professor for Cybernetics, Language, and Culture The Annenberg School for Communication

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia kkrippendorff@asc.upenn.edu

 

Click to access Krippendorf_cyber_design.pdf

 

 

RECONSIDERING CYBERNETICS

UMPLEBY STUART

 

Click to access dbasse_176892.pdf

 

 

A Brief History of the BCL. Heinz von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory

Albert Müller

 

Click to access BriefHistBCL.pdf

 

Resources on Cybernetics

https://cyberneticians.com/index.html

 

 

Heinz von Foerster

 

Click to access glanville.pdf

 

 

 

Try again. Fail again. Fail better: the cybernetics in design and the design in cybernetics

Ranulph Glanville

 

Click to access C%20and%20D%20paper%200670360902.pdf

 

 

 

Cybernetics and Second-Order Cybernetics

Francis Heylighen

Free University of Brussels

Cliff Joslyn Los Alamos National Laboratory

 

Click to access Cybernetics-EPST.pdf

 

 

Heinz von Foerster’s Demons
The Emergence of Second-Order Systems Theory

Bruce Clarke

 

Click to access Clarke-selfreference.pdf

 

 

Introduction

Neocybernetic Emergence

bruce clarke and mark b. n. hansen

 

Click to access clarke-e-hansen-neocybernetic-emergence.pdf

 

Cybernetics of Cybernetics

HEINZ VON FOERSTER

University of Illinois, Urbana

1979

Click to access foerster_cybernetics%20of%20cybernetics.pdf

 

 

 

Second-Order Science and Policy

Anthony Hodgson & Graham Leicester

 

https://philarchive.org/archive/HODSSA-2

 

 

Second-order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods

Stuart Umpleby

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279324039_Second-order_Science_Logic_Strategies_Methods

 

 

Second Order Cybernetics: Expanding Science in Accord with the Correspondence Principle

Stuart A. Umpleby

 

Click to access 1_UMPLEBY.pdf

 

 

Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science

Stuart A. Umpleby

The George Washington University, USA • umpleby/at/gmail.com

 

Click to access 455.umpleby.pdf

 

 

 

A Short History of Cybernetics in the United States

The Origin of Cybernetics

Stuart Umpleby

 

Click to access 4566_oezg4_08_s28_40_umpleby_1_.pdf

 

 

Second-order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier

 

Karl H. Müller

Alexander Riegler

 

https://philarchive.org/archive/MLLSSA

 

 

 

“Heinz von Foerster – An Appreciation” (Revisited)

Bernard Scott

 

Cybernetics And Human Knowing. Vol. 10, no. 2

 

 

 

The purpose of second-order cybernetics

Ranulph Glanville

Author: Mayank Chaturvedi

You can contact me using this email mchatur at the rate of AOL.COM. My professional profile is on Linkedin.com.

5 thoughts on “Second Order Cybernetics of Heinz Von Foerster”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s