Quantitative Models for Closed Loop Supply Chain and Reverse Logistics

 

Quantitative Models for Closed Loop Supply Chain and Reverse Logistics

 

 

Closing the Supply Chain Loop

  • Repair/Refurbish
  • Reuse
  • Remanufacture
  • Recycle

 

Industrial Sectors

  • Automotive
  • Beverages
  • Paper and Paperboard
  • Packaging
  • Food
  • Plastics
  • Metals
  • Electronics
  • Others

 

Key Terms:

  • Reverse Logistics
  • Closed Loop Supply Chain
  • Sustainability
  • Recycling
  • Green SCM
  • European Network on Reverse Logistics (REVLOG)

 

 

reverse4

 

 

 

From A Review on Strategic, Tactical and Operational Decision Planning in Reverse Logistics of Green Supply Chain Network Design

REVERSE

 

 

Reverse2Reverse3

 

 

reverse5

 

 

reverse7

 

 

Please see my related posts:

Towards the Circular Economy

Resource Flows: Material Flow Accounting (MFA), Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), Input Output Networks and other methods

Production and Distribution Planning : Strategic, Global, and Integrated

Hierarchical Planning: Integration of Strategy, Planning, Scheduling, and Execution

 

 

 

 

 

Key Sources of Research:

 

 

‘Agility and reverse logistics: a conceptual framework’

 

Soosay, Claudine

2013

11th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, pp. 1-14

 

http://search.ror.unisa.edu.au/record/UNISA_ALMA11143749860001831/media/digital/open/9915910203301831/12143749850001831/13143746160001831/pdf

 

 

 

 

An Overview of Research Characteristics on Reverse Logistics

Mohamad Tabikh

MÄLARDALEN UNIVERSITY, IDT, SWEDEN

Click to access 11TabMR27.32040645.pdf

 

 

 

 

A Review on Strategic, Tactical and Operational Decision Planning in Reverse Logistics of Green Supply Chain Network Design

Farahanim Misni1,2, Lai Soon Lee1,3*

 

Click to access JCC_2017063016203535.pdf

 

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics Network Design: A Framework for Decision Making

Theresa J. Barker and Zelda B. Zabinsky

Click to access f94945e69e2bcfd663691059f8cde408e652.pdf

 

 

 

The Reverse Logistics Process in the Supply Chain and Managing Its Implementation

Joseph Raymond Huscroft, Jr.

https://etd.auburn.edu/bitstream/handle/10415/2438/Huscroft_FINAL_Ver_3_Dissertation_TC_good.pdf;sequence=2

 

 

 

Adopting Circular Economy principles in supply chain management of organizations: reverse logistics.

 

https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2414339/Aurdahl.pdf?sequence=1

 

 

SUSTAINABLE LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES FOR SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT

 

Click to access slscm-sample.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction to Management of Reverse Logistics and Closed Loop Supply Chain Processes

Donald F.Blumberg

 

Click to access eb0d0daf4db0b15b3162c08f1be295e11e60.pdf

 

 

 

WHY REVERSE LOGISTICS IS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF A CIRCULAR ECONOMY

 

https://circulatenews.org/2016/06/why-corporations-will-have-to-invest-in-their-reverse-logistics/

 

 

 

 

Optimizing the Supply Chain in Reverse Logistics

Pitipong Veerakamolmal

Surendra M. Gupta

Click to access 4193-26-SPIE.PDF

 

 

 

 

 

Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain A comprehensive review to explore the future

 

Govindan, M.E., PhD., , Kannan; Soleimani, Hamed; Kannan, Devika
European Journal of Operational Research

2015

Click to access reverse_logistics.pdf

 

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics

How to realise an agile and efficient reverse chain within the Consumer Electronics industry

PWC

 

Click to access pwc-reverse-logistics.pdf

 

 

 

Closed Loop Supply Chain Management and Reverse Logistics -A Literature Review

N. Raj Kumar and R.M. Satheesh Kumar

2013

Click to access ijertv6n4spl_07.pdf

 

 

 

The Returns Management Process in Supply Chain Strategy

 

Click to access matdid002596.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

The Reverse Logistics Process in the Supply Chain and Managing Its Implementation

Joseph Raymond Huscroft, Jr.

https://etd.auburn.edu/bitstream/handle/10415/2438/Huscroft_FINAL_Ver_3_Dissertation_TC_good.pdf;sequence=2

 

 

Quantitative Models for Reverse Logistics

Moritz Fleischmann

2000

https://www.erim.eur.nl/doctoral-programme/phd-in-management/phd-tracks/detail/426-quantitative-models-for-reverse-logistics/

 

 

 

Resolving forward-reverse logistics multi-period model using evolutionary algorithms.

Kumar, V.N.S.A., Kumar, V., Brady, M. et al. (2 more authors)

(2016)

 

Click to access Manuscript_SI_Revised_IJPE-D-15-01250R1.pdf

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics Planning: A Strategic Way to Address Environmental Sustainability While Creating a Competitive Advantage

Melissa R. Icenhour

 

http://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2701&context=utk_chanhonoproj

 

 

 

 

 

DECISION SUPPORT IN REVERSE LOGISTICS AND CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAINS

An overview of exclusive challenges in reverse logistics operations and areas where decision support tools are needed.

Click to access Reverse%20Logistics-VNL%20Magazine.pdf

 

 

 

Operations Research for Green Logistics – An Overview of Aspects, Issues, Contributions and Challenges

Rommert Dekkera , Jacqueline Bloemhof b and Ioannis Mallidisc

Click to access 18511839.pdf

 

 

 

 

A bibliometric analysis of reverse logistics research (1992-2015) and opportunities for future research

2016

 

https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1024&context=scm_pubs

Reverse Logistics

Quantitative Models for Closed-Loop Supply Chains

Editors: Dekker, R., Fleischmann, M., Inderfurth, K., van Wassenhove, L.N. (Eds.)

2004

Inventory Management in Reverse Logistics in FAW Co., Ltd

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of the Research on Reverse Logistics (1995-2005)

 

Sergio Rubio, Antonio Chamorro, Francisco Javier Miranda

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00512945/document

 

 

 

 

Identification of Reverse Logistics Decision Types from
Mathematical Models

 

Pascual Cortés Pellicer , Faustino Alarcón Valero

 

 

 

 

REVERSE LOGISTICS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN MANUFACTURING AND E-BUSINESS INDUSTRIES

 

Click to access Dissanayake.pdf

 

 

 

How the reverse supply chain impacts the financial performance of original equipment manufacturers

Samuel Bruning Larsen

2017

 

Click to access PhD_thesis_Summary_Samuel_Br_ning_Larsen.pdf

 

 

 

 

WASTE NOT, WANT NOT.

CAPTURING THE VALUE OF The Circular Economy Through Reverse Logistics

 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

 

Click to access Reverse-Logistics.pdf

 

 

 

 

The Use of Recycled Materials in Manufacturing: Implications for Supply Chain Management and Operations Strategy

Joy M. Field

Click to access 002-0037.pdf

 

 

 

 

Design of a Forward/Reverse Logistics Network with Environmental Considerations

Masoud Rabbani *, a, Niloufar Akbarian Saravi a, Hamed Farrokhi-Asl ba

 

 

Quantitative models for reverse logistics: A review

 

Moritz Fleischmann a, Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard ~, Rommert Dekker b,*,
Erwin van der Laan ~, Jo A.E.E. van Nunen a, Luk N. Van Wassenhove c

Impact of Product Recovery on Logistics Network Design

REVERSE LOGISTICS NETWORK STRUCTURES AND DESIGN

MORITZ FLEISCHMANN
2001

 

Click to access 18511677.pdf

 

 

Chapter 4

Reverse Logistics Network Design

Moritz Fleischmann, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Patrick Beullens, University of Leuven

Rommert Dekker, Erasmus University Rotterdam

https://8a9a5012-a-62cb3a1a-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/ashivarov/home/obratna-logistika/revlog4.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7cp2kufwR6xgXQKXmQNIBXfG-iGMdzNhaEjxBpuxTOtkW8D9mP0XIkbM_bB75cpJWvOQN1sGaJ5EaVyBl2xyTrm2kAuU5oZZNngCBWjEzFnpRO_pqOETnn6-4X2-82AVZJnI9LDDHzn9NLD_r1C_iRREDz4T6MYcahQmkwja39fDkI02jf37_EldHcyFc_lQi_BZ24YALYm1sTY6AbAu1ETWRQNLwWFvwhb7L9WNMNdJGSBiPPE%3D&attredirects=0

 

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics – Capturing Value in the Extended Supply Chain

Moritz Fleischmann1∗, Jo van Nunen1, Ben Gräve2, and Rainer Gapp3

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F3-540-27354-9_8

 

 

 

 

Closed Loop Supply Chain (CLSC): Economics, Modelling, Management and Control

 

Int. J. Production Economics 183 (2017) 319–321

 

Click to access sp1.pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/international-journal-of-production-economics/vol/183/part/PB

 

 

 

 

 

INTEGRATED FORWARD-REVERSE LOGISTICS SYSTEM DESIGN: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

 

by Yong Joo Lee, Ph.D. Washington State University May 2009

 

Click to access y_lee_042009.pdf

 

 

A New Approach in Supply Chain Design: studies in reverse logistics and nonprofit settings

2012

Berenguer Falguera, Gemma

 

https://escholarship.org/uc/item/572933w2

 

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics: Network Design Based on Life Cycle Assessment

 

Joanna Daaboul, Julien Le Duigou, Diana Penciuc, Benoît Eynard

 

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01452146/document

 

 

 

 

Collection Center Location with Equity Considerations in Reverse Logistics Networks

I ̧sıl Taria,b, Sibel A. Alumurc

 

https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/bitstream/handle/10012/12781/INFOR%20-%20Collection%20center%20location%20with%20equity%20considerations%20in%20reverse….pdf?sequence=1

 

 

 

 

METHODS AND TOOLS FOR CLOSED LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN AND REVERSE LOGISTICS

Giuseppe Stecca

 

University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Italy

 

 

 

 

REVERSE LOGISTICS FROM THE PAST TO PRESENT

Paul Alfred Colligan

 

 

 

 

SUSTAINABILITY OF INTERNATIONAL DUTCH SUPPLY CHAINS

Progress, effects and perspectives

© PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment
Agency

The Hague, 2014

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics: Overview and Challenges for Supply Chain Management

 

Sergio Rubio1,*and Beatriz Jiménez-Parra

 

 

 

 

 

Reverse Logistics Network Design: A Framework for Decision Making

 

Theresa J. Barker and Zelda B. Zabinsky

 

 

 

 

Strategic Planning Models for Reverse and Closed-Loop Supply Chains

Kishore K. Pochampally, Satish Nukala, Surendra M. Gupta

2008

Recycling, International Trade and the Environment

An Empirical Analysis

Authors: van Beukering, P.J

https://www.springer.com/us/book/9780792368984

 

 

 

 

 

Modelling and analysis of international recycling between developed and developing countries

 

Pieter J.H. van Beukering a,∗, Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh

 

 

 

Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain: A comprehensive review to explore the future

Kannan Govindan a,⇑, Hamed Soleimani b, Devika Kannan

 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377221714005633

 

 

 

 

Concepts, design and implementation of Reverse Logistics Systems for sustainable
supply chains in Brazil

 

Henrique Luiz Corrêa

Lucia Helena Xavier

 

 

 

Strategic Modeling of Service Parts Closed-Loop Supply Chain of Philips Healthcare:

A system dynamics approach

by
M.C. Koeken BSc

http://arno.uvt.nl/show.cgi?fid=120806

 

A Review of Decision-Support Tools and Performance Measurement for Sustainable Supply Chain Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Systematic Literature Review of the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) Model Application with Special Attention to Environmental Issues

Eric N. Ntabe1,2,*, Luc LeBel1,2, Alison D. Munson2, Luis Antonio De Santa-Eulalia3

Click to access CIRRELT-2014-09.pdf

 

 

 

 

Perspectives in Reverse Supply Chain Management(R-SCM): A State of the Art Literature Review

Arvind Jayant*,a, P. Guptaa, S.K.Gargb

Click to access JJMIE-242-10.pdf

 

 

 

 

A robust optimization approach to closed-loop supply chain network design under uncertainty

Mir Saman Pishvaee, Masoud Rabbani *, Seyed Ali Torabi

Click to access AMM-2011.pdf

 

 

 

 

Towards supply chain sustainability: economic, environmental and social design and planning

Bruna Mota a, *, Maria Isabel Gomes b, Ana Carvalho a, Ana Paula Barbosa-Povoa a

Click to access 2015_motagomescarvalhobpovoa_jcp.pdf

 

 

An NPV Optimization Model for Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network Design and Planning

http://thescipub.com/pdf/10.3844/ajeassp.2017.114.125

 

 

 

 

 

Strategic and Tactical Planning of a Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network: A Linear Physical Programming Approach

Satish Nukala and Surendra M. Gupta

Click to access 004-0210.pdf

 

 

 

SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODELLING OF CLOSED LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN SYSTEMS FOR EVALUATING SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES

Roberto Poles

Click to access 18619468.pdf

 

 

 

CLOSED LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN WITH PRODUCTION PLANNING

Wojciech Stecz

Click to access stecz_closed_2016_6_2_02.pdf

 

 

 

 

Closed-loop supply chain management: From conceptual to an action oriented framework on core acquisition

Jighyasu Gaur a, *, Ramesh Subramoniam b, Kannan Govindan c, Donald Huisingh

Click to access Journal%20of%20Cleaner%20Production%20Article.pdf

 

 

 

CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORK OPTIMIZATION FOR HONG KONG CARTRIDGE RECYCLING INDUSTRY

Closed Loop Supply Chain Management and Remanufacturing in the Automotive sector

2005

Modelling and Optimization of Closed Loops Supply Chains

A Closed-loop Supply Chain Model for Managing Overall Optimization of Eco-efficiency

Wei D. Solvang, Ziqiong Deng, Bjoern Solvang

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modeling and Simulation of Closed-Loop Supply Chains Considering Economic Efficiency

 

Yoshitaka Tanimizu, Yusuke Shimizu, Koji Iwamura, Nobuhiro Sugimura

 

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01452147/document

Closed-loop supply chains: What reverse logistics factors influence performance?

 

 

 

Adopting Circular Economy principles in supply chain management of organizations: reverse logistics

https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2414339/Aurdahl.pdf?sequence=1

 

 

 SUSTAINABLE LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES FOR SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT

Strategic Planning and Design of Supply Chains: a Literature Review

Alessandro Lambiase1,*, Ernesto Mastrocinque1, Salvatore Miranda1 and Alfredo Lambiase

Open Business Models and Closed-Loop Value Chains: Redefining the Firm-Consumer Relationship

Sebastian Kortmann
Frank Piller

California Management Review 58, 3 (May 2016)

REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS

ISSUES AND ANALYSIS

Surendra M. Gupta

CRC Press

Strategic Closed Loop Supply Chain Management

Baptiste Lebreton

Springer 2007

Closed-Loop Supply Chain Planning Model of Rare Metals

Dongmin Son, Songi Kim, Hyungbin Park and Bongju Jeong

Supply Chain Finance (SCF) / Financial Supply Chain Management (F-SCM)

Supply Chain Finance (SCF) / Financial Supply Chain Management (F-SCM)

 

 

From STANDARD DEFINITIONS FOR TECHNIQUES OF SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE

fscm8

There are two Areas where FSCM/SCF names are used but in different contexts.

  • Inter firm FSCM
  • Intra firm FSCM

 

Inter firm F-SCM

  • Trade Finance
  • Supply Chain Finance (SCF)
  • Value Chain Finance
  • Supplier Finance
  • Inter firm Finance
  • Reverse Factoring
  • Collaborative  Cash to Cash Cycles Management

During 2008 global financial crisis, the trade financing dried up resulting in decline in trade of goods and services.

Since the crisis, Financial De-globalization and Decline of Correspondent Banking has also made availability of financial credit harder.

Cash flow and working capital management is helped by inter firm collaboration among Suppliers and Buyers.

Financial Institutions which provide trade credit also benefit from inter firm collaboration.

 From SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE FUNDAMENTALS: What It Is, What It’s Not and How it Works

What Supply Chain Finance is Not

The world of trade finance is complex and varied. There are numerous ways to increase business capital on hand and, in many cases, the differences are slightly nuanced. Given this landscape, it’s not just important to understand what supply chain finance is; it’s also important to understand what it is not.

It is not a loan. Supply chain finance is an extension of the buyer’s accounts payable and is not considered financial debt. For the supplier, it represents a non-recourse, true sale of receivables. There is no lending on either side of the buyer/supplier equation, which means there is no impact to balance sheets.

It is not dynamic discounting or an early payment program. Early payment programs, such as dynamic discounting, are buyer-initiated programs where buyers offer suppliers earlier payments in return for discounts on their invoices. Unlike supply chain finance, buyers are seeking to lower their cost of goods, not to improve their cash flow. Dynamic discounting and early payment programs often turn out to be expensive for both suppliers (who are getting paid less than agreed upon) and buyers who tie up their own cash to fund the programs.

It is not factoring. Factoring enables a supplier to sell its invoices to a factoring agent (in most cases, a financial institution) in return for earlier, but partial, payment. Suppliers initiate the arrangement without the buyer’s involvement. Thus factoring is typically much more expensive than buyer-initiated supply chain finance. Also, suppliers trade “all or nothing” meaning they have no choice to participate from month-to-month to the degree that their cash flow needs dictate. Finally, most factoring programs are recourse loans, meaning if a supplier has received payment against an invoice that the buyer subsequently does not pay, the lender has recourse to claw back the funds.

 

From Mckinsey on Payments

fscm10

 

From Financial Supply Chain Management

financial-supply-chain-management-4-728

 

From Best Practices in Cash Flow Management and Reporting

46_-3571_20

 

From STANDARD DEFINITIONS FOR TECHNIQUES OF SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE

fscm9

 

From Financing GPNs through inter-firm collaboration?
Insights from the automotive industry in Germany and Brazil

fscm 3

 

Intra Firm F-SCM

  • Working Capital Management
  • Cash Flow Management
  • Liquidity Management
  • Cash to Cash Conversion Cycle Management (C2C Cycle/CCC)
  • Financial Supply Chain Management (F-SCM) in Manufacturing companies
  • Financial Supply chain management in financial institutions
  • Supply Chain Finance
  • Accounts Payable Optimization
  • Accounts Receivable Optimization
  • Operations and Finance Interfaces
  • Current Asset Management (Current Ratio Analysis)

This is not a new subject.  Corporate Finance, Financial Controls, and working capital management have been active business issues.  Benefits of Supply chain management include increase in inventory turnover and decline in current assets.

There are many world class companies who manage their supply chains well and work with minimal working capital.  Lean Manufacturing, Agile Manufacturing, JIT manufacturing are related concepts.  Just-In-Time manufacturing developed in Toyota Corp. reduces inventory portion of C2C cycle.  Other examples include

  • Apple
  • Walmart
  • Dell

Currently, most of the Supply Chain analytics efforts unfortunately do not integrate analysis of financial benefits of operating decisions.

There are many studies recently which suggest that Cash to Cash Conversion Cycle is a better determinant of corporate liquidity.  C2C Cycle is a dynamic liquidity indicator and Current Assets is a static indicator of liquidity.  I would like to point out that none of the studies relate C2C cycle with Current Ratio.  Current Ratio is based on balance sheet positions of current assets and current liabilities.  C2C cycle is based on flows in supply chains.  Accumulation of flow results in Current assets (Stock).  To make it Stock-Flow Consistent, more work is required.

 

From Supply Chain Finance: some conceptual insights.

fscm2

From Financial Supply Chain Management

financial-supply-chain-management-5-728

 

From The Interface of Operations and Finance in Global Supply Chains

fscm4

 

From SUPPLY CHAIN-ORIENTED APPROACH OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

ifscm5

 

From IMPROVING FIRM PERFORMANCE THROUGH VALUE-DRIVEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT: A CASH CONVERSION CYCLE APPROACH

fscm6

 

From IMPROVING FIRM PERFORMANCE THROUGH VALUE-DRIVEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT: A CASH CONVERSION CYCLE APPROACH

fscm7

 

From THE CYCLE TIMES OF WORKING CAPITAL: FINANCIAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS METHOD

fscm12

 

Call for papers: Supply Chain Finance

Call for papers for Special Topic Forum in Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management (Manuscript Submission:  March 31, 2017)

Supply chain finance is a concept that lacks definition and conceptual foundation.  However, the recent economic downturn forced corporates to face a series of financial and economic difficulties that strongly increased supply chain financial risk, including bankruptcy or over-leveraging of debt.  The mitigation and management of supply chain financial risk is becoming an increasingly important topic for both practitioners and academics leading to a developing area of study known as supply chain finance.  There are two major perspectives related to the idea of managing finance across the supply chain.  The first is a relatively short-term solution that serves as more of a “bridge” and that is provided by financial institutions, focused on accounts payables and receivables.  The second is more of a supply chain oriented perspective – which may or may not involve a financial institution, focused on working capital optimization in terms of accounts payable, receivable, inventory, and asset management.  These longer-term solutions focus on strategically managing financial implications across the supply chain.

Recent years have seen a considerable reduction in the granting of new loans, with a significant increase in the cost of corporate borrowing (Ivashina and Scharfstein, 2010). Such collapse of the asset and mortgage-backed markets dried up liquidity from industries (Cornett et al., 2011). In such difficult times, firms (especially those with stronger bargaining power) forced suppliers to extend trade credit in order to supplement the reduction in other forms of financing (Coulibaly et al., 2013; Garcia-Appendini and Montoriol-Garriga, 2013). The general lack of liquidity, in particular for SMEs, has directly affected companies’ ability to stay in the market, reflecting on the stability of entire supply chains. There are many other factors influencing liquidity and financial health that are critical to assess.

These trends and the continued growth of outsourced spend have contributed considerably to the need for and spread of solutions and programs that help to mitigate and better manage financial risk within and across the supply chain.  One of the most important approaches is what is being termed Supply Chain Finance (SCF) (Gelsomino et al., 2016; Pfohl and Gomm, 2009; Wuttke et al., 2013a). SCF is an approach for two or more organizations in a supply chain, including external service provides, to jointly create value through means of planning, steering, and controlling the flow of financial resources on an inter-organizational level (Hofmann, 2005; Wuttke et al., 2013b).  It involves the inter-company optimization of financial flows with customers, suppliers and service providers to increase the value of the supply chain members  (Pfohl and Gomm, 2009).  According to Lamoureux and Evans (2011) supply chain financial solutions, processes, methods are designed to improve the effectiveness of financial supply chains by preventing detrimental cost shifting and improving the visibility, availability, delivery and cost of cash for all global value chain partners.  The benefits of the SCF approach include reduction of working capital, access to more funding at lower costs, risk reduction, as well as increase of trust, commitment, and profitability through the chain (Randall and Farris II, 2009).

Literature on SCF is still underdeveloped and a multidisciplinary approach to research is needed in this area. In order to better harmonize contributions of a more financial nature with ones coming from the perspective of purchasing & supply chain, there is a need of developing theory on SCF, starting with a comprehensive definition of those instruments or solutions that constitute the SCF landscape. SCF has been neglected in the Purchasing & Supply Management (PSM) literature, although PSM plays a critical role in managing finance within the supply chain.  PSM uses many of the processes and tools that are part of a comprehensive supply chain financial program to better manage the supply base, in terms of relationships, total cost of ownership, cost strategies and pricing volatility (see for example Shank and Govindarajan 1992). Reverse factoring is a technique which is also widely used to manage the supply base (Wuttke et al, 2013a) as is supplier development and investment in suppliers.

Research on SCF from a PSM perspective needs further development. In particular, empirical evidence would prove useful for testing existing models and hypotheses, addressing the more innovative schemes and investigating the adoption level and the state of the art of different solutions. Research is also needed for the development of a general theory of supply chain finance.  There is also limited research that focuses on the link between supply chain financial tools and supply chain financial performance.  Finally, considering the plurality of solutions that shape the SCF landscape, literature should move towards the definition of holistic instruments to choose the best SCF strategy for a supply chain, considering its financial performance and the contextual variables (e.g. structure, bargaining power) that characterize it.

Potential topics

The purpose of this special topic forum is to publish high-quality, theoretical and empirical papers addressing advances on Supply Chain Finance. Original, high quality contributions that are neither published nor currently under review by any other journals are sought. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Theory development, concept and definition of SCF
  • Taxonomy of SCF solutions
  • Strategic cost management across the supply chain
  • Total cost of ownership
  • Life cycle assessment and analysis
  • Commodity risk and pricing volatility
  • Supply chain financial metrics and measures
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Relationship implications of supply chain finance
  • Tax and transfer pricing in the supply chain
  • Foreign exchange and global currency and financing risk
  • Financial network design and financial supply chain flows
  • The organizational perspective on SCF and the implementation process
  • Role of innovative technologies to support SCF ( (e.g. block chain, internet of things)
  • Supply chain collaboration for improved supply chain financial solutions
  • SCF adoption models, enablers and barriers
  • SCF from different party perspectives (especially suppliers and providers)
  • SCF and risk mitigation and management

Manuscript preparation and submission

Before submission, authors should carefully read the Journal’s “Instructions for Authors”. The review process will follow the Journal’s normal practice. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript via Elsevier’s manuscript submission system (https://ees.elsevier.com/jpsm) selecting “STF Supply Chain Finance” as submission category and specifying the Supply Chain Finance topic in the accompanying letter. Manuscripts are due March 31, 2017 with expected publication in June of 2018.

FOR COMMENTS OR QUESTIONS PLEASE CONTACT THE GUEST EDITORS:

Federico Caniato, Politecnico di Milano, School of Management, federico.caniato@polimi.it

Michael Henke, TU Dortmund and Fraunhofer IML, Michael.Henke@iml.fraunhofer.de

George A. Zsidisin, Virginia Commonwealth University, gazsidisin@vcu.edu

References

Cornett, M.M., McNutt, J.J., Strahan, P.E., Tehranian, H., 2011. Liquidity risk management and credit supply in the financial crisis. J. financ. econ. 101, 297–312.

Coulibaly, B., Sapriza, H., Zlate, A., 2013. Financial frictions, trade credit, and the 2008–09 global financial crisis. Int. Rev. Econ. Financ. 26, 25–38.

Garcia-Appendini, E., Montoriol-Garriga, J., 2013. Firms as liquidity providers: Evidence from the 2007–2008 financial crisis. J. financ. econ. 109, 272–291.

Gelsomino, L.M., Mangiaracina, R., Perego, A., Tumino, A., 2016. Supply Chain Finance: a literature review. Int. J. Phys. Distrib. Logist. Manag. 46, 1–19.

Govindarajan, Vijay, and John K. Shank. “Strategic cost management: tailoring controls to strategies.” Journal of Cost Management 6.3 (1992): 14-25.

Wuttke, D. A., Blome, C., Foerstl, K., & Henke, M. (2013a). Managing the innovation adoption of supply chain finance—Empirical evidence from six European case studies. Journal of Business Logistics, 34(2), 148-166.

Wuttke, D. A., Blome, C., & Henke, M. (2013b). Focusing the financial flow of supply chains: An empirical investigation of financial supply chain management. International journal of production economics, 145(2), 773-789.

Hofmann, E., 2005. Supply Chain Finance: some conceptual insights. Logistik Manag. Innov. Logistikkonzepte. Wiesbad. Dtsch. Univ. 203–214.

Ivashina, V., Scharfstein, D., 2010. Bank lending during the financial crisis of 2008. J. financ. econ. 97, 319–338.

Lamoureux, J.-F., Evans, T.A., 2011. Supply Chain Finance: A New Means to Support the Competitiveness and Resilience of Global Value Chains. Social Science Research Network, Rochester, NY.

Lekkakos, S.D., Serrano, A., 2016. Supply chain finance for small and medium sized enterprises: the case of reverse factoring. Int. J. Phys. Distrib. Logist. Manag.

Pfohl, H.C., Gomm, M., 2009. Supply chain finance: optimizing financial flows in supply chains. Logist. Res. 1, 149–161.

Randall, W., Farris II, T., 2009. Supply chain financing: using cash-to-cash variables to strengthen the supply chain. Int. J. Phys. Distrib. Logist. Manag. 39, 669–689.

 

 

Please see my Related Posts.

The Collapse of Global Trade during Global Financial Crisis of 2008-2009

The Dollar Shortage, Again! in International Wholesale Money Markets

Economics of Trade Finance

Hierarchical Planning: Integration of Strategy, Planning, Scheduling, and Execution

Production and Distribution Planning : Strategic, Global, and Integrated

Integrated Macroeconomic Accounts, NIPAs, and Financial Accounts

Key Sources of Research:

 

SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE FUNDAMENTALS: What It Is, What It’s Not and How it Works

Click to access supplychainFundamentals.pdf

Call for papers: Supply Chain Finance

Call for papers for Special Topic Forum in Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management (Manuscript Submission:  March 31, 2017)

https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-purchasing-and-supply-management/call-for-papers/call-for-papers-supply-chain-finance

 

FINANCIAL SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT – CHALLENGES AND OBSTACLES

Peter Kristofik, Jenny Kok, Sybren de Vries, Jenny van Sten-van’t Hoff

2012

Click to access 201202h.pdf

 

 

Supply chain finance: optimizing financial flows in supply chains

Hans-Christian Pfohl • Moritz Gomm

2009

Click to access 5576960408ae75363751afb1.pdf

 

 

Supply Chain Finance: some conceptual insights.

Hofmann, E. (2005)

In: Lasch, R./ Janker, C.G. (Hrsg.): Logistik Management – Innovative Logistikkonzepte, Wiesbaden
2005, S. 203-214.

Click to access Supply%20Chain%20Finance.pdf

 

 

Financial Supply Chain Management – A review

Georgios Vousinas

2017

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320196808_Financial_Supply_Chain_Management_-_A_review

 

 

Basic areas of management of finance flow in supply chains

Marlena Grabowska1

Częstochowa University of Technology

https://www.czasopismologistyka.pl/artykuly-naukowe/send/301-artykuly-drukowane/4621-artykul

 

THE FLOW OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES:AN INEVITABLE PART OF SUPPLY CHAIN
DESIGN ACTIVITIES

ERIK HOFMANN

Click to access Hofmann_The%20flow%20of%20financial%20resources%20-%20An%20inevitable%20part%20of%20supply%20chain%20design%20activities.pdf

 

Motorola’s global financial supply chain strategy

Ian D. Blackman

Christopher P. Holland

Timothy Westcott

Click to access Motorolas-global-financial-supply-chain-strategy.pdf

A SUPPLY CHAIN-ORIENTED APPROACH OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

 

Erik Hofmann

Herbert Kotzab

2010

 

Click to access Hofmann_et_al-2010-Journal_of_Business_Logistics.pdf

Financial Supply Chain Management – Neue Herausforderungen für die Finanz- und Logistikwelt.

Pfohl, H.-Chr./ Hofmann, E./ Elbert, R. (2003):

In: Logistik Management 5 (2003) 4, S. 10-26

Click to access Financial%20Supply%20Chain%20Management.pdf

 

Financing GPNs through inter-firm collaboration?
Insights from the automotive industry in Germany and Brazil

Christian Baumeister
Hans-Martin Zademach

Click to access MDW_21__2013__Financing_GPNs.pdf

 

 

Die Financial Chain im Supply Chain Management: Konzeptionelle Einordnung und Identifikation von Werttreibern.

Franke, J./ Pfaff, D./ Elbert, R./ Gomm, M./ Hofmann, E. (2005):

In: Ferstel, O. K./ Sinz, E. J./ Eckert, S./ Isselhorst, T. (Hrsg.): Wirtschaftsinformatik 2005. eEcono‐my, eGovernment, eSociety. Heidelberg 2005, S. 567‐584

Click to access 8858fcdb171db931b3c033bb1cdf55ea7683.pdf

 

 

Financial-Chain-Management
Ein generisches Modell zur Identifikation von Verbesserungspotenzialen

Donovan Pfaff
Bernd Skiera
TimWeitzel

Click to access wi2004_2_107-117.pdf

 

 

The Effects of Cross-Functional Integration on Profitability, Process
Efficiency, and Asset Productivity

Morgan Swink and Tobias Schoenherr

Click to access 2016%20-%20Research%20-%20JBL%20-%20The%20Effects%20of%20Cross-Functional%20Integration%20on%20Profitability,%20Process%20Efficiency.pdf

 

 

Quantifying and setting off network performance

Erik Hofmann

2006

Click to access Quantifying%20Network%20Performance_final%20version.pdf

 

 

Developing and discussing a supply chain-oriented model of collaborative working capital management

by
Erik Hofmann, University of St.Gallen, Switzerland
& Herbert Kotzab, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

2006

 

Click to access Developing_and_discussing_a_supply_chain20151106-23047-gve831.pdf

 

 

The link between Purchasing and Supply Management maturity
models and the financial performance of international firms

Fábio Pollice
Afonso Fleury

 

Click to access The%20link%20between%20purchasing%20and%20supply%20management%20maturity%20models%20and%20the%20financial%20performance%20of%20international%20firms.pdf

 

 

SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE
A Buyer-Centric Supplier Payables Financing Initiative

Martin Jemdahl
Lund, 2015

http://lup.lub.lu.se/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=8870575&fileOId=8870576

 

 

Supply Chain Finance: Optimal Introduction and Adoption Decisions

David A. Wuttke, Constantin Blome, H. Sebastian Heese and Margarita
Protopappa-Sieke

Click to access __smbhome.uscs.susx.ac.uk_qlfd7_Desktop_Supply%20Chain%20Finance%20Blome.pdf

 

 

The Value of Supply Chain Finance

Xiangfeng Chen and Chenxi Hu

Click to access 17676.pdf

 

Supply Chain Finance “Is SCF ready to be applied in SMEs?”

Jan H Jansen

Click to access 578cb87508ae5c86c9a6355b.pdf

 

 

Win-win and no-win situations in supply chain finance: The case of accounts receivable programs

Erik Hoffman

Click to access Triple-win-situations%20in%20supply%20chain%20finance_final.pdf

 

Introducing a financial perspective in Supply Chain Management: a literature review on Supply Chain Finance

Luca M. Gelsomino, Riccardo Mangiaracina,
Alessandro Perego, Angela Tumino

Click to access gelsomino_et_al.pdf

 

 

Towards A Theory Of Supply Chain And Finance Using Evidence From A Scottish Focus Group

R. de Boer, R. Dekkers, L. M. Gelsomino, C. de Goeij, M. Steeman Q. Zhou,
S. Sinclair, V. Souter

2017

Click to access Towards-A-Theory-Of-Supply-Chain-And-Finance-Using-Evidence-From-A-Scottish-Focus-Group.pdf

 

 

WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT IN SUPPLY CHAINS

Nataliia G. Silaeva

2016

Click to access Master_thesis_Silaeva_Nataliya.pdf

 

 

Blockchain-driven supply chain finance: Towards a conceptual framework from a buyer perspective

Yaghoob Omrana, Michael Henkeb, Roger Heinesc, Erik Hofmann

Click to access WP29-Blockchain-driven%20supply%20chain%20finance%20Towards%20a%20conceptual%20framework%20from%20a%20buyer%20perspective.pdf

 

 

Selecting financial service providers for supply chains: How cross-functional collaboration can improve effectiveness and efficiency

Judith Martin

Prof. Dr. Erik Hofmann

Click to access Paper%20Full%20Version_Selecting%20financial%20service%20providers%20for%20supply%20chains.pdf

 

 

Supply chain finance as a value added service offered by a lead logistics provider

Careaga Franco, V.G.
Award date:
2016

Click to access 840401-1.pdf

 

 

B2B PAYMENTS, SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE & E-INVOICING MARKET

Mirela Amariei
Tiberiu Avram
Ionela Barbuta
Simona Cristea
Sebastian Lupu
Mihaela Mihaila
Andreea Nita
Adriana Screpnic

2015

Click to access B2B_Payments_Supply_Chain_Finance__E-invoicing_Market_Guide_2015.pdf

 

 

Linking corporate strategy and supply chain management

Erik Hofmann

Click to access 1860230.pdf

 

 

Concepts and Trade-Offs in Supply Chain Finance

Kasper van der Vliet

Click to access 792140.pdf

 

 

Supply Chain Finance as a Value Added Service offered by a Lead Logistics Provider

by
Victor Gerardo Careaga Franco

Click to access Careaga_Franco_2016.pdf

 

Value Chain Finance: How Banks can Leverage Growth Opportunities for SME Banking Customers

Qamar Saleem, Global SME Banking and Value Chain Specialist, IFC

Dr. Eugenio Cavenaghi, Managing Director -Trade, Export & Supply Chain Finance, Banco Santander

Click to access Value%20Chain%20Finance_Qamar%20Saleem.pdf

 

 

 

Supply-chain finance: The emergence of a new competitive landscape

McKinsey

https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Industries/Financial%20Services/Our%20Insights/Supply%20chain%20finance%20The%20emergence%20of%20a%20new%20competitive%20landscape/MoP22_Supply_chain_finance_Emergence_of_a_new_competitive_landscape_2015.ashx

 

 

Fintechs and the Financial Side of Global Value Chains— The Changing Trade-Financing Environment

IMF

2017

Click to access 17-21.pdf

 

 

Global Supply Chain Management: Front and Center for Treasurers
Delivering Innovative Solutions that Integrate Financial and Physical Supply Chains

JP Morgan

https://www.jpmorgan.com/pdfdoc/jpmorgan/cash/pdf/global_supply_chain_front_and_center_for_treasurers

 

 

 

Supply Chain Finance

Aberdeen Group

2011

Click to access SCF%20Gaining%20Control%200258-6833-RA-SCFinance-SP-10-NSP.pdf

 

 

 

Supply chain financing: Using cash-to-cash variables to strengthen the supply chain

Wesley S. Randall

M. Theodore Farris II

2009

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235317652_Supply_chain_financing_Using_cash-to-cash_variables_to_strengthen_the_supply_chain

 

 

 

Supply Chain Finance: ANew Means to Support the Competitiveness and Resilience of Global Value Chains

Jean-François Lamoureux and Todd Evans

Click to access 12_Lamoureux_and_Evans_e_FINAL.pdf

 

 

 

Maximising the value of supply chain finance

van der Vliet, K.; Reindorp, M.J.; Fransoo, J.C.

2013

Click to access 387399093290135.pdf

 

 

 

The Interface of Operations and Finance in Global Supply Chains

by
Lima Zhao

2014

Click to access Zhao_Lima_WHU_Diss_2014.pdf

 

 

 

Supply Chain Finance A conceptual framework to advance research

Kasper van der Vliet, Matthew J. Reindorp, Jan C. Fransoo
Beta Working Paper series 418

Click to access 23232338094103.pdf

 

 

COORDINATING WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT MODEL IN COLLABORATIVE
SUPPLY CHAINS

A. Ivakina, N. Zenkevich

# 9 (E) – 2017

Click to access WP_9%28E%29-2017_Ivakina_Zenkevich.pdf

 

 

A conceptual model for supply chain finance for SMEs at operational level ‘An essay on the Supply Chain Finance paradigm ….

Jan H Jansen

2017

Click to access A-conceptual-model-for-supply-chain-finance-for-SMEs-at-operational-level-An-essay-on-the-Supply-Chain-Finance-paradigm-Vestnik-Chelyabinsk-State-University-Version-2-18-April-2017.pdf

 

 

Cash Flow Management and Manufacturing Firm Financial Performance: A Longitudinal Perspective

James R. Kroes

Andrew S. Manikas

http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1040&context=itscm_facpubs

 

 

 

TOWARDS INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

Sari Monto

2013

https://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/90028/isbn9789522653840.pdf?sequence=2

 

 

 

THE CYCLE TIMES OF WORKING CAPITAL: FINANCIAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS METHOD

Miia Pirttilä

2014

https://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/102180/Pirttilä_A4.pdf?sequence=2

 

 

Impact of Cash Conversion Cycle on Working Capital through Profitability: Evidence from Cement Industry of Pakistan

Afaq Ahmed Khan1, Mohsin Ayaz2, Raja Muhammad Waseem3, Sardar Osama

Bin Haseeb Abbasi4, Moazzam Ijaz

2016

Click to access Q1803021124131.pdf

 

 

Cash Conversion Cycle and Firms’ Profitability – A Study of Listed Manufacturing Companies of Pakistan

1Raheem Anser, 2Qaisar Ali Malik

2013

Click to access 2a7cb44463d9b8d3b77e2b36e23466cde4ec.pdf

 

 

The Power of Supply Chain Finance

How companies can apply collaborative finance models in their supply chain to
mitigate risks and reduce costs

M. Steeman

Click to access thepowerofsupplychainfinance.pdf

 

 

Supply Chain Finance Payable and Receivable Solutions Guide

2012

JP Morgan

A Conceptual Model of Supply Chain Finance for SMEs at Operational Level

 Jan H Jansen

21 November 2017

 

Click to access A-conceptual-model-for-supply-chain-finance-for-SMEs-at-operational-level-An-essay-on-the-Supply-Chain-Finance-paradigm-Vestnik-Chelyabinsk-State-University-Version-2-18-April-2017.pdf

 

 

Cash-to-cash: The new supply chain management metric

M Theodore Farris II; Paul D Hutchison

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management; 2002

Click to access 02e7e5312767de88df000000.pdf

 

 

 

Integrating financial and physical supply chains: the role of banks in enabling supply chain integration

Rhian Silvestro

Paola Lustrato

2012

 

Click to access 552f9c840cf21cb2faf005c0.pdf

 

 

 

Integration of Finance and Supply Chain: Emerging Frontier in Growing Economies

(A Case Study of Exporting Companies)

Muhammad Ahmar Saeed

Xiaonan Lv

 

Click to access FULLTEXT01.pdf

 

Research at the Interface of Finance, Operations, and Risk Management (iFORM): Recent Contributions and Future Directions

Volodymyr Babich

Panos Kouvelis

2017

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3054711

 

 

 

PROCEEDINGS

Interface of Finance, Operations, and Risk Management (iFORM) SIG

2011

Click to access 947ccbd42b1fe0e90f298ab96cfcef8f0448.pdf

 

 

 

Cash to Cash Cycle with a Supply Chain Perspective

Can Duman
Sawanee Sawathanon

2009

 

Click to access FULLTEXT01.pdf

 

DYNAMIC AND STATIC LIQUIDITY MEASURES IN WORKING CAPITAL STRATEGIES

Monika Bolek, PhD

 

http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/viewFile/764/798

 

 

 

Does working capital management affect cost of capital?
A first empirical attempt to build up a theory for supply chain finance

Erik Hofmann, Judith Martin

2016

 

Click to access Final%20paper_working%20capital%20management.pdf

 

 

 

Principle of Accounting System Dynamics – Modeling Corporate Financial Statements –

Kaoru Yamaguchi

 

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.615.6514&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 

 

 

Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics

Accounting System Dynamics Approach

Edition 3.2

 

Kaoru Yamaguchi Ph.D.

Japan Futures Research Center

 

Click to access Macro%20Dynamics.pdf

 

 

 

Working Capital Management Model in value chains

Timo Eskelinen

2014

 

http://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/96733/Working%20Capital%20Management%20Model%20in%20value%20chains_Timo%20Eskelinen.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y

 

 

 

STANDARD DEFINITIONS FOR TECHNIQUES OF SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE

Global Supply Chain Finance Forum

2016

 

Click to access ICC-Standard-Definitions-for-Techniques-of-Supply-Chain-Finance-Global-SCF-Forum-2016.pdf

Click to access download-the-scf-definitions.pdf

 

 

IMPROVING FIRM PERFORMANCE THROUGH VALUE-DRIVEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT: A CASH CONVERSION CYCLE APPROACH

Pan Theo Große-Ruyken
Stephan M. Wagner
Wen-Fong Lee

Baltic Management Review

Volume 3 No 1

2008

 

 

 

Best Practices in Cash Flow Management and Reporting

Hans-Dieter Scheuermann

http://www.financepractitioner.com/cash-flow-management-best-practice/best-practices-in-cash-flow-management-and-reporting?full

Financial Supply Chain Management

 

Gantt Chart Simulation for Stock Flow Consistent Production Schedules

Gantt Chart Simulation for Stock Flow Consistent Production Schedules

 

I have knowledge of two software which do Gantt chart simulation for production scheduling.  These are used by top most companies in the world for production planning and scheduling now a days known as Supply Chain Management (SCM).

Production Schedules are stock flow consistent which means that starting inventories, and unused production of products result in cumulative inventory which is plotted for each of the product.

Production and Shipments (arrivals and dispatched) create Flows and Inventory levels indicate Stock level positions.

Gantt Chart simulators are excellent tools for operations management in plants.

The first Gantt chart was actually developed by Karol Adamiecki in Poland.  He called it a Harmonogram.  Henry Gantt in 1910 published first gantt chart which was later than publication by Karol Adamiecki.

These two charts below show Simulator window in which Gantt chart and inventory level plots are displayed.

Gantt Chart Simulator in Aspen Tech Plant Scheduler for Production Scheduling

active-guidance_10740930

 

Gantt Chart Simulator in Atlantic Decision Sciences Scheduler

Scheduling Board Single Chart

Key Sources for Research:

 

A Presentation by Chris Jones on Evolution of Graphical Production Scheduling Software

at the Cornell University Deptt of ORIE

 

 

 

Atlantic Decision Sciences

http://atlanticdecisionsciences.com

 

 

Aspen Technology

http://aspentech.com/products/aspen-plant-scheduler/

 

 

History of Gantt Chart

http://www.ganttchart.com/orgforwork.html

 

 

History of Production Scheduling

http://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/9780387331157-c1.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-321351-p148129370

 

 

The harmonogram: an overlooked method of scheduling work.

Marsh, E. R. (1976).

Project Management Quarterly, 7(1), 21–25.

https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/harmonogram-overlooked-method-scheduling-work-5666

 

The Harmonogram of Karol Adamiecki

Edward R. Marsh

http://amj.aom.org/content/18/2/358

 

Karol Adamiecki

https://www.pocketbook.co.uk/blog/tag/karol-adamiecki/